The Ultimate Guide for Viewing the Thai Royal Barge Processional

Your guide for the Royal Barge Procession in Bangkok, Thailand

UPDATED March 14, 2024 — The Thai Royal Barge Processional – part of the final Royal Coronation of His Majesty King Maha Vajiralongkorn ceremonies – was held on December 12, 2019, in Bangkok, Thailand.

This cultural spectacle on the Chao Phraya River, sometimes called the River of Kings, offered a chance to witness history being made.

The ancient longboats used in the water procession were removed from the museum, where they are typically displayed. Click here for a Royal Barge Procession History Timeline.

[By the way, the length of Thai names, as seen in the King’s name above, can be intimidating for Western tonungs.

In fact, tour guides love to rattle off lengthy proper names to impress visitors to Thailand.

But be of good cheer! Don’t worry about properly pronouncing his majesty’s name – the Western world calls him Rama X, and so can you!

X = ten, as he is the tenth king of the Chakri Dynasty, the current ruling royal house of the Kingdom of Thailand.]

So why such a rare occasion?

5 long boats cruise the Chao Phraya River for the Thai Royal Barge Processional
Chao Phraya River and rehearsal of the Thai Royal Barge Processional last month. Photo by Unstoppable Stacey Wittig

Table of Contents

Royal Barge Procession is a Rare Spectacle

Gilded long boat with 60 oarsmen paddle on the river for part of the Thai Royal Barge Processional
Thai Royal Barge Processional. Photo courtesy of Tourist Authority of Thailand

Arranged for special occasions only, the Royal Barge Procession — a parading fleet of 52 hand-carved longboats — is a rare spectacle indeed.

In fact, the infrequent flotilla, which dates back over 700 years, has been witnessed only 16 times in almost 90 years. It is both a religious and political event.

The Thai Royal Barge Processional, part of the final ceremonies for the Royal Coronation of His Majesty King Maha Vajiralongkorn, was scheduled on October 24, 2019, but was postponed due to predictions of inclement weather.

It’s almost a funny story for UNSTOPPABLE Stacey…

I was sent to Thailand to report on the regal event. I boarded the Boeing 777 in LAX on October 16, flew over the dateline [thereby skipping October 17], and landed in Chiang Mai, Thailand, two days later, so to speak, on October 18.

Sometime during our flight – on October 17, to be exact – a Deputy Prime Minister announced to the Thai Parliament that the Royal Barge Processional would be postponed.

Of course, I was disappointed to hear the news.

However, we learned that the scheduled October 21 rehearsal was still on. We would attend that Royal Barge Procession dry run.

The gala boat formations would be the same. The only difference would be that the king and queen would not be present.

Thai government officials explained that the full dress rehearsal was ongoing so the Thai Navy could check the tide.

“Time and tide wait for no man.” – Old English Proverb

Even royalty could not stop the rising tide of the Chao Phraya River. The inclement weather stemmed from monsoon rains in northern Thailand.

The rivers in the north were swelling and draining into the mighty Chao Phraya River, which flows through Bangkok.

There was no chance of precipitation in December, so the river’s current would be safer for the king and queen at that time.

Where is the Chao Phraya River?

Thai Navy Practices Ancient Maneuvers During Royal Processional Rehearsals

Because the ancient barges are used for ceremony only – and only occasionally, at that – the Thai Navy, which is proficient with modern war machinery, must practice navigating and sailing using the old, traditional ways. (No bow thrusters here, boys!)

Therefore, many rehearsals were run, and with a postponed Royal Barge Processional, more rehearsals are scheduled. That means that those visiting Thailand in the next 45 days have a chance to view this once-in-a-lifetime event.

A Sight to Behold: Thai Royal Barge Procession

20 Ancient boats paddled by 100s of oarsmen paddle towards camera with Bangkok in background
Photo by Candy Krajangsri

The Royal Barge Processional is a remarkable sight. I witnessed the rare spectacle, if only as a dress rehearsal. The aesthetically pleasing waterborne procession of graceful, ornate boats floating in formation on the broad river was a sight to behold.

The scent of jasmine was in the air – I know not whether it was blooming in nearby trees or wafting from the jasmine floral garlands that are made to leave as offerings at the nearby temples.

I looked down at the Chao Phraya River, straining to see the first images of the flotilla. A white heron landed on a pier sticking out of the river’s edge.

Know Before You Go

Two gilded long boats sit in river facing camera. One has swan-shaped, tall bow. The other has two creatures, one on top of the other.
Anantanakkharat (king of serpents,) left, Barge Suphannahong (Golden Swan) right. Photo courtesy of PR Thai Government.

Since I am interested in culture and history, I did some research before attending the rehearsal of the Royal Barge Processional. This is what I recommend that you know before you go:

The ornate grandeur reflects the Thai people’s respect and reverence for their King. What’s more, I learned that some Thai people believe that the King is part of the cycle of the future Buddha.

The swan-shaped vessel that carries the King represents the idea that he is part of heaven. The swan is the traditional carrier of Rahman or Brahma, the God of creation in Hinduism.

Thailand’s brand of Buddhism is woven with Hindu gods and beliefs. Thus, the official coronation and Royal Barge Processional—court traditions handed down through generations—are a mix of Buddhist religious ceremonies and Hindu Brahmin rituals.

The Four Royal Barges

Of the 52 vessels in the procession, four are designated as ‘royal barges.’ They are:

  • The Suphannahong, or Golden Swan,
  • The Anantanakkharat, or multi-headed Naga, is the half-human and half-cobra demigod of Hindu and Buddhist beliefs.
  • The Anekkachatphutchong, or innumerable Naga figures, and
  • the Narai Song Suban King Rama IX, or the four-armed god described in the Thai version of the Ramayana.

The focus of the procession is, of course, the royal barges. The four royal barges are positioned in the center row, with two rows of battle barges protecting each side. The battle barges include protectors, destroyers, eight mythical animal barges and towboats.

The formation of the processional is similar to a presidential motorcade where a police car drives ahead and motorcycle police surround the presidential vehicle in the center of the convoy.

What to look for

Photo by Candy Krajangsri.

The fleet of 52 ceremonial barges is arranged into five columns as they come down the river towards you. You’ll first see surveillance, security and police boats that are not actually part of the official formation.

Patrol boat does a security sweep prior to the Royal Barge Processional
Security prior to the Royal Barge Processional signals the gala event is about to begin. Photo by Unstoppable Stacey Wittig

After watching the modern patrol boats cruise the area, I soon spotted the ancient armada coming for us. They were low on the water, looking like a magic carpet ride floating on the river as if through the sky.

The seemingly unending line of boats stretched on past my line of vision, and the armada looked formidable.

I wondered if this is what the people of Seville saw when the intimidating Vikings came sailing in along the Guadalquivir River, ready to attack the Spanish city. The rhythmic barge-rowing songs seemed to cinque the Thai oarsmen’s strokes.

Sailing together in a set pattern

Aerial view of the Royal Barge Processional on the wide Chao Phraya River. The formation stretches to the horizon.
Photo courtesy of Thailand Government Government Relations Department

Perhaps the fleet looks so formidable because of its formation. Floating together in a set pattern is a show of military power.

The name of the pattern that you will see is a traditional formation called the Phet Puang formation. The first barges that you see in the formation are the escort vessels.

Escort Barges Decorated with Depictions of Thai Mythical Creatures

Green faced Thai mythical creature on bow of boat sitting near dock.
Bow of Royal Barge Asura Paksi. Photo courtesy of Lerdsuwa at Wikimedia

The escort barges are decorated with either paintings or figureheads depicting the Thai mythical creatures that represent ancient noble ranks.

Watch for the nose of black cannons sticking out through a porthole under the figureheads.

The figureheads are mounted at the prow of the battle barges. According to the Thai Navy, Asura Paksi (above) was built during the reign of Rama I (1782-1809) and carried warriors.

I wonder when the last time those canons were fired.

Most Prominent of the Four Royal Barges

Golden swan is the bow of the gilded boat and points toward camera. ^0+ Thai Navy men dressed in traditional red regalia sit in the longboat. Blue water in foreground
Royal Barge Narai Song Suban HM Rama IX left, Barge Suphannahong (Golden Swan) right. Photo courtesy of PR Thai Government.

The most prominent of the four royal barges are the Anantanakkharat (king of serpents,) which carries a statue of Buddha or other holy objects and the Royal Barge Suphannahong (Golden Swan,) which brings Their Majesties the King and Queen.

To spot the Golden Swan from afar, look for the tall, seven-tier umbrellas placed on each end of the golden pavilion at its center.

The seven tiers display the rank of monarchy. Perhaps you will spot the royal couple under the golden pavilion in the center of the barge.

Secondary Royal Barges of the Thai Royal Water Processional

Four armed god - one face dark, the other red faced with gilded wings in the water for the Royal Barge Processional.
The four-armed god described in the Thai version of the Ramayana decorates the bow of Royal Barge Narai Song Suban HM Rama IX. Photo by Lerdsuwa at Wikimedia

The two most prominent royal barges are escorted by the secondary royal barges, the Narai Song Suban HM Rama IX and Anekkachatphutchong. King Rama III commanded that the Narai Song Suban be built.

Anekkachatphutchong, on the other hand, was built during the reign on Rama V (1868-1910.)

Barge Master waves black feather "batons" at oarsmen dressed in red traditional Thai uniforms. Oarsmen raise paddles in unison during Royal Water Processional.
Royal Barge Anekkachatphutchong with oarsmen paddling with the Nok Bin – bird flying movement. See below. Photo courtesy of Thailand Government Government Relations Department.

From the side, you might be able to see Anekkachatphutchong’s pink hull, which is decorated with simply patterned, gold gilded prows.

The plain pattern is made up of small serpents or Nagas and so, the barge is called Anekkachatphutchong (derived from Sanskrit) or “innumerable Naga figures.”

Harmonious Rowing: Three Movements of Rowing

Longboats in front of Royal Palace during rehearsal of Thai Royal Barge Processional
Thai Royal Barge Anantanakkharat with syncronized oarsmen. Photo by Unstoppable Stacey Wittig.

Thai Navy sailors have rehearsed and practiced the three rowing movements this past year. Dressed in ornate regalia, they rehearse harmonious rowing with three rowing postures:

1.) Regular paddle stroke
2.) Kra Diat – against the waist
3.) Nok Bin – birds flying – swing paddle high above head.

Several officials keep the boats floating in formation. Watch for the following (they are typically standing):

Chanters – chant the boat songs that give rhythm to the paddlers.

Barge Masters – controllers or supervisors of the barges.

Steersmen – control the rudders.

Post poking officers – Hold a long, straight wooden stick which is painted white and pound it to the deck to keep the rhythm for the rowers.

When to see the Royal Barge Procession?

Before the Royal Barge Procession on December 12, minor rehearsals will be held on November 12, 19, 26, and December 3, 2019. One full dress rehearsal is scheduled for December 9.

The processions begin at the Wasukri Pier and end at the Ratchaworadit Pier, which is about 2.2 miles (3.5 kilometers).

Won’t be in Bangkok on any of these dates? Then make sure to visit the Royal Barges Museum when you are in town. 

As is common in the travel industry, UNSTOPPABLE Stacey was provided with accommodations, meals, and other compensation for the purpose of review. While it has not influenced this review, the Arizona travel writer believes in full disclosure of all potential conflicts of interest.

In addition, this blog, UNSTOPPABLE Stacey Travel, contains affiliate links. If you make a purchase through these links, she will earn a commission at no extra cost to you. These commissions help reduce the ever-increasing costs of keeping this travel blog active. Thanks for reading.

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3 thoughts on “The Ultimate Guide for Viewing the Thai Royal Barge Processional”

  1. You’ve been conned about the reason for the postponement. It was nothing to do with water levels etc but entirely to do with a whim of His Majestic and Most Worshippable Majesty.


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